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Key Indicators
GDP per Capita (2017) US$ 3438.16
GDP Growth rate (2017) 4.63 %
Population Poverty Rate (2017) 8.2%
General Literacy Rate (2017) 71.4%
Youth Literacy Rate (2017) 93.1%
Labour Force Participation Rate (2019) 66.4%
Unemployment Rate (2019) 2.7%
Youth (15-24 yrs) Unemployment Rate (2019) 11.9%
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PRESS RELEASE for 2018 Labour Force Survey Report



16th Labour Force Survey Report


In accordance with the resolution of the 10th Session of Second Parliament of Bhutan, the mandate to conduct annual Labour Force Survey (LFS) was transferred to National Statistics Bureau (NSB) in 2017.  Accordingly, the 16th series of the LFS was conducted by NSB in the months of November and December, 2018.

The LFS provides information on labour and employment related statistics that are essential in the formulation of national policies and plans, as well as in monitoring the employment situation in the country. 

The scope and coverage of the survey is at the national level. A total of 9,012 households were selected from twenty Dzongkhags, out of which about 38% (3,420 households) were in urban and 62% (5,592 households) were in rural areas. The information related to labour and employment indicators were collected from persons aged 15 years and above.  The sampling frame for the 2018 LFS used was developed after the 2017 Population & Housing Census of Bhutan (PHCB) which are different from the preceding years, as a result indicators computed from 2018 LFS may be different.

Key Findings

1.     Working-Age Population: The working-age population is estimated at 496,550 persons (241,429 males and 255,122 females). Of the total working-age population, 310,856 persons (54.5% males and 45.5% females) are economically active. About 70% of the economically active population resides in rural areas. 

2.    Labour Force Participation Rate: The Labour Force Participation Rate, which is the economically active population expressed per 100 working-age population is estimated at 62.6%. The LFPR for male population is 70.1% while it is 55.5% for females. The LFPR for rural areas (64.3%) is higher than that of urban areas (58.9%).  

3.     Economically Inactive Population: Out of the total working-age population, 185,694 persons (37.4%) are economically inactive. The economically inactive population is comprised of 61.2% females and 38.8% males. About 65% of them are found in rural areas, while 35% are in urban areas. 

4.     Employment: The country’s employment rate is estimated at 96.6%. Of the total (300,442) employed persons, 214,206 persons (71.3%) reside in rural areas and 86,235 persons (28.7%) in urban areas. The share of employed persons among males and females is 55% and 45% respectively. Among the employed persons, 42.8% are in the age range of 25-39 years.

5.    Unemployment: Out of 310,856 economically active population, 10,414 persons were without work, actively seeking and available for work during the reference period. This translates to an unemployment rate of 3.4%. The unemployment rate for females (4.2%) is higher than that for males (2.7%). The unemployment rate for urban areas (7.1%) is four times higher than that of rural areas (1.8%). Among Dzongkhags, Thimphu has the highest unemployment rate with 10.0%, followed by Paro (8.3%), Sarpang (3.9%), Gasa (3.8%), and Chhukha (3.6%). In terms of distribution, Thimphu Dzongkhag has the highest unemployed persons (4,951 persons) followed by Paro (1,798 persons), Chhukha (872 persons) and Samtse (798 persons) Dzongkhags.

6.     Youth (aged between 15-24 years) Unemployment: The overall youth unemployment rate is estimated at 15.7% (4,921 persons) which is higher than 12.3% (6,031 persons) in 2017 LFS. The discrepancy in figure is due to the change in sampling frame developed after the 2017 PHCB.  Among the unemployed youth, 49.7% (2,448 persons) are males and 50.3% (2,473) are females.  By area, 56.0% (2,759 persons) of the total unemployed youths are found in urban and 44.0% (2,163 persons) in rural areas. Among Dzongkhags, Paro has the highest youth unemployment rate with 38.5%, followed by Thimphu (29.9%), Sarpang (19.9%) and Chhukha (18.3%). In terms of distribution, the highest number of unemployed youth is found in Thimphu Dzongkhag (2,050 persons) followed by Paro (915 persons), Chhukha (480 persons) and Samtse (475 persons) Dzongkhags. Of the total unemployed youth, 37.1% has completed higher secondary education followed by middle secondary (29.3%) and bachelor degree (19.0%). 

The 2018 Labour Force Survey Report can be downloaded from www.nsb.gov.bt.







(National Statistics Bureau)


21 May, 2019

May 21, 2019    News    sonam    4083 views